More than the usually dreaded bad breath, onions are found to cause more damages to dogs. This pungent culinary benefit is great to add a unique flavor to your dishes yet this contains a type of toxin which can lead to serious complications in canines.
Onions – Are These Toxic for Dogs?
There is a toxic content in onion called N-propyl disulfide. It is a compound that can cause breakdown of the red blood cells which can cause anemia in canines.
This toxin can also cause an oxidative damage to the red blood cells of your pet as it attaches to the molecules in the red blood cells of your pet. It will then reduce the ability of red blood cells to transport oxygen , and even trick your pet’s body into assuming that the blood cells is a type of invader. Red blood cells are then destroyed in the process called hemolysis which can result to hemolytic anemia.
Onion Parts Toxic to Canines
Every single part of onion plant is toxic to canines, which include the leaves, juice, flesh, as well as processed powders. Whether cooked or raw, powdered or dried, onions as well as other members of allium family, including shallots, chives, leeks, and garlic, are all dangerous to dogs.
Powdered form of onion is surprisingly found in many types of foods, from baby food to soups. It will only take a mere 100 grams of onion for every 20 kilograms of the weight of a dog to cause some toxic effects. This means that a dog weighing 45 pounds only need to eat a single medium to large sized of onion to suffer from risky toxicity levels. With most dogs more than happy to crunch on that unattended onion casserole or onion rings when given the chance, this is a very serious concern that pet owners should watch out for.
Onion powders are found to be much more potent compared to fresh onions. It will always be a great idea to go through the label of the human foods you feed to your dog, with onion powder deserving to be on top of your don’ts list. To warn people with multi-species homes, onions are found to be more toxic to cats than these are to dogs. It simply means that both canine and feline tummies must be completely devoid of any onion treats.
Onion Toxicity Symptoms in Dogs
When you think that your pet accidentally ate onions, some of the anemia symptoms you have to watch out for include:
- Pale gums
- Decreased appetite
- Reddish urine
Vomiting, panting, and elevated heart rate are also some of the symptoms of onion toxicity.
When your pooch exhibits any of the said symptoms, the first thing you should do is to take him to the vet at the soonest time possible. The vet will be the one to diagnose the condition of your dog based on the blood work and symptoms.
If you want to avoid the risks of onion toxicity, don’t give onions to your pet at all.