Paracetamol like Calpol basically contains acetaminophen, which is an active ingredient that can be harmful for dogs once administered in bigger doses. It is also fatal in cats, yet might be given to dogs only under a strict supervision of a vet.
What to Know about Paracetamol?
Calpol or paracetamol is renowned as acetaminophen and its use is recommended in dogs for inflammation, pain management, fever, and respiratory infections. Paracetamol is actually rarely recommended for use in the dogs since there are some drugs that have the same effects and aren’t as damaging for the dog’s liver. Paracetamol was also formulated for use in human beings, yet may be used in canines with caution. Paracetamol may also be toxic in human beings an could result to liver damage while in canines, an overdose might be deadly.
Paracetamol can be toxic for cats as the feline bodies do not generate an enzyme called glucuronyl transferase that’s necessary in assimilating the medication. When compared to cats, dogs actually generate this enzyme, yet the drug might influence the function of the liver and could also cause damage in the liver.
Toxicity of Paracetamol
Calpol or any paracetamol may cause toxicity in the liver once administered to the dogs in high dosage. Dogs that have had paracetamol overdose would show several symptoms including confusion, drooling, lack of coordination, pale gums, tongue discoloration, seizures, and vomiting.
The dog might not show such symptoms until after acetaminophen entered his or her body system. You must seek for immediate help since the dog might die within just a few hours after paracetamol infestation. Paracetamol would cause liver failure that can be fatal and the dog must get activated charcoal that must absorb ingested paracetamol. The veterinarian would also apply liquid therapy.
An overdose in paracetamol might be treated with acetylcysteine, which is an antidote that could prevent liver damage and enable one’s body to recover. Nevertheless, an antidote isn’t administered always in time and to avoid death, liver transplant will be required. Liver transplant in the dogs may be complicated and might be done by all veterinarians.
Several dogs might die from methaemoglobin’s formation, which caused by Calpol or any paracetamol. In some cases, death might happen because of hemolythic anemia due to Heinz bodies formation, which limit oxygen transport in the blood and might cause asphyxiation.
Right Dosage of Calpol for Dogs
As mentioned, Calpol is restricted for dogs. Once used, your veterinarian would determine an accurate dose so that the liver of the dog isn’t affected. The dosage would also depend on the age and size of the dog.
Contraindications of Calpol
If your dog is suffering from a liver condition, Calpol is forbidden. Its components influence the function of the liver and once the liver is already damaged, the drug might be fatal. The dog that’s under analgesic or narcotic medication must not take any paracetamol medications like Calpol. So, always ask your vet about what to give your dog and don’t use Calpol without supervision.